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WildBristol.uk - Discovering Wildlife in Bristol

Ants - Formicidae

Group Description

Small Ants.

subfamily:

  • Dolichoderinae (1 Genus)

  • Tapinoma Förster, 1850 (4 species, 1 sensu lato)

    • Erratic Ant (Tapinoma erraticum) (Latreille, 1798)
    • Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius, 1793)
    • Tapinoma nigerrimum (Nylander, 1856)
    • Tapinoma subboreale (Seifert, 2012)
  • species sensu lato

    • Tapinoma erraticum sensu lato (Tapinoma erraticum)
  • Formicinae (4 genus)

  • Formica / Wood Ant Linnaeus, 1758 (11 species)

    • Scottish Wood Ant (Formica aquilonia) Yarrow, 1955
    • Formica cunicularia Latreille, 1798
    • Narrow-headed Ant (Formica exsecta) Nylander, 1846
    • Dusky Ant (Formica fusca) Linnaeus, 1758
    • Formica lemani Bondroit, 1917
    • Hairy Wood Ant (Formica lugubris) Zetterstedt, 1838
    • Black Bog Ant (Formica picea) Nylander, 1846 [Genus inferred]
    • Black-backed Meadow Ant (Formica pratensis) Retzius, 1783
    • Red Wood Ant (Formica rufa) Linnaeus, 1761
    • Red Barbed Ant (Formica rufibarbis) Fabricius, 1793
    • Slave-making Ant (Formica sanguinea) Latreille, 1798
  • Lasius Fabricius, 1804 (2 species agg., 14 species)

    species aggregate: - Lasius alienus sensu lato (Lasius alienus) - Lasius niger sensu lato (Lasius niger)

    - Lasius alienus (Foerster, 1850)
    
    • Brown Tree Ant (Lasius brunneus) (Latreille, 1798)
    • Lasius emarginatus (Olivier, 1792)
    • (Yellow Meadow Ant) Lasius flavus (Fabricius, 1782)
    • Jet Ant / Jet Black Ant (Lasius fuliginosus) (Latreille, 1798)
    • Lasius meridionalis (Bondroit, 1920)
    • Lasius mixtus (Nylander, 1846)
    • Lasius myops Forel, 1894
    • Lasius neglectus Van Loon, Boomsma & Andrasfalvy, 1990
    • Small Black Ant (Lasius niger) (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Lasius platythorax Seifert, 1991
    • Lasius psammophilus Seifert, 1992
    • Lasius sabularum (Bondroit, 1918)
    • Lasius umbratus (Nylander, 1846)
  • Paratrechina Motschulsky, 1863 (3 species)

    • Paratrechina bourbonica (Forel, 1886)
    • Paratrechina longicornis (Latreille, 1802)
    • Paratrechina vividula (Nylander, 1846)
  • Plagiolepis Mayr, 1861 (3 species)

    • Plagiolepis allaudi Emery, 1894
    • Plagiolepis schmitzii Forel, 1895
    • Plagiolepis taurica Santschi, 1920
  • Myrmicinae

  • Ponerinae (2 genus)

  • Hypoponera Santschi, 1938 (2 species)

    • Hypoponera ergatandria (Forel, 1893)
    • Hypoponera punctatissima (Roger, 1859)
  • Ponera Latreille, 1804 (2 species)

    • Indolent Ant (Ponera coarctata) (Latreille, 1802)
    • Ponera testacea Emery, 1895

Genus:

  • Anergates Forel, 1874 (1 species)

    • Dark Guest Ant (Anergates atratulus) (Schenck, 1852)
  • Aphaenogaster Mayr, 1853 (1 species)

    • Aphaenogaster subterranea (Latreille, 1798)
  • Cardiocondyla Emery, 1869 (1 species)

    • Cardiocondyla britteni Crawley, 1920
  • Crematogaster Lund, 1831 (1 species)

    • Crematogaster scutellaris (Olivier, 1792)
  • Formicoxenus Mayr, 1855 (1 species)

    • Shining Guest Ant (Formicoxenus nitidulus) (Nylander, 1846)
  • Leptothorax Mayr, 1855 (1 species)

    • Slender Ant (Leptothorax acervorum) (Fabricius, 1793)
  • Linepithema Mayr, 1866 (2 species)

    • Argentine Ant (Linepithema humile) (Mayr, 1868)
    • Linepithema iniquum (Mayr, 1870)
  • Messor Forel, 1890 (1 species)

    • European Seed Harvesting Ant (Messor capitatus) (Latreille, 1798)
  • Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (3 species)

    • Bicolored Trailing Ant / Flower Ant (Monomorium floricola) (Jerdon, 1851)
    • Pharaoh Ant (Monomorium pharaonis) (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Monomorium salomonis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Myrmecina Curtis, 1829 (1 species)

    • Grass Ant (Myrmecina graminicola) (Latreille, 1802)
  • Myrmica Latreille, 1804 (13 species)

    • Myrmica bessarabica Nasonov, 1889
    • Myrmica hirsuta Elmes, 1978
    • Myrmica karavajevi (Arnol'di, 1930)
    • Myrmica lobicornis Nylander, 1846
    • Myrmica lonae Finzi, 1926
    • Red Ant (Myrmica rubra) (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Myrmica ruginodis Nylander, 1846
    • Myrmica sabuleti Meinert, 1861
    • Myrmica scabrinodis Nylander, 1846
    • Myrmica schencki Viereck, 1903
    • Myrmica specioides Bondroit, 1918
    • Myrmica sulcinodis Nylander, 1846
    • Myrmica vandeli Bondroit, 1920
  • Pheidole Westwood, 1841 (2 species)

    • Pheidole bilimeki Mayr, 1870
    • Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius, 1793)
  • Solenopsis Westwood, 1840 (1 species)

    • Solenopsis fugax (Latreille, 1798) - Native
  • Stenamma Westwood, 1840 (1 species agg., 2 species)

species aggregate:

- Stenamma westwoodii sensu lato (Stenamma westwoodii)

- Stenamma debile (Förster, 1850)
- Westwood's Ant (Stenamma westwoodii) Westwood, 1839
  • Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853 (1 species)

    • Strongylognathus testaceus (Schenck, 1852)
  • Technomyrmex Mayr, 1872 (1 species)

    • White-footed Ant (Technomyrmex albipes) (Smith, 1861)
  • Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 (5 species)

    • Temnothorax albipennis (Curtis, 1854)
    • Long-spined Ant (Temnothorax interruptus) (Schenck, 1852)
    • Temnothorax nylanderi (Foerster, 1850)
    • Temnothorax tuberum (Fabricius, 1775)
    • Temnothorax unifasciatus (Latreille, 1798)
  • Tetramorium Mayr, 1855 (5 species)

    • Tetramorium atratulum (Schenck, 1852)
    • Tetramorium bicarinatum (Nylander, 1846)
    • Turf Ant (Tetramorium caespitum) (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Tetramorium caldarium Roger, 1857
    • Tetramorium simillimum (F. Smith, 1851)

82 species

- Erratic Ant (Tapinoma erraticum) - Native (Parts of the South)
- Ghost Ant (Tapinoma melanocephalum) - Non-native (0 records)
- Tapinoma nigerrimum - Non-native Established (0 records)
- Tapinoma subboreale - Non-native (1 record)
  • species sensu lato

    • Tapinoma erraticum sensu lato (Tapinoma erraticum) - Native (0 records)

    • Scottish Wood Ant (Formica aquilonia) - Native (Scotland)

    • Formica cunicularia - Native (South) Near Bristol *
    • Narrow-headed Ant (Formica exsecta) - Native (Scotland and parts of the South)
    • Dusky Ant (Formica fusca) - Native (throughout South, parts of North) Bristol *
    • Formica lemani - Native (throughout North extending South down to a line from the Wash to the Severn, parts of bellow line) Near Bristol *
    • Hairy Wood Ant (Formica lugubris) - Native (North down to Wales)
    • Black Bog Ant (Formica picea) [Genus inferred] - Native (Parts of the South and South West)
    • Black-backed Meadow Ant (Formica pratensis) - Native (Wales and parts of North) Near Bristol *
    • Red Wood Ant (Formica rufa) - Native (England, mainly South but parts of North) Bristol *
    • Red Barbed Ant (Formica rufibarbis) - Native (London, Isles of Scilly)
    • Slave-making Ant (Formica sanguinea) - Native (Scotland and parts of South) Near Bristol *

      species aggregate: - Cornfield Ant (Lasius alienus sensu lato / Lasius alienus) - Native (South) Bristol * - Lasius niger sensu lato (Lasius niger) - Native (South, parts of North) Bristol *

      • Cornfield Ant (Lasius alienus) - Native (South, parts of N. West Scotland) Bristol *
        • Brown Tree Ant (Lasius brunneus) - Native (South) Bristol *
        • Lasius emarginatus - Native (scattered - parts of South and Orkney)
        • Yellow Meadow Ant (Lasius flavus) - Native (throughout, but mainly in the South, less so in the North) Bristol *
        • Jet Ant / Jet Black Ant (Lasius fuliginosus) - Native (South, Parts of North) Bristol *
        • Lasius meridionalis - Native (scattered in the South)
        • Lasius mixtus - Native (South, parts of North) Bristol *
        • Lasius myops - Non-native (0 records)
        • Lasius neglectus - Non-native Established (parts of South)
        • Small Black Ant (Lasius niger) - Native (throughout, mainly - South) Bristol *
        • Lasius platythorax - Native (South, parts of North)
        • Lasius psammophilus - Native (Parts of South, Mainly near Norwich)
        • Lasius sabularum - Native (Parts of South)
        • Yellow Shadow Ant / Yellow Lawn Ant (Lasius umbratus) - Native (South) Near Bristol *
    • Paratrechina bourbonica - Non-native Not Established (0 records)

    • Paratrechina longicornis
    • Paratrechina vividula

    • Plagiolepis allaudi

    • Plagiolepis schmitzii
    • Plagiolepis taurica

    • Hypoponera ergatandria

    • Hypoponera punctatissima

    • Indolent Ant (Ponera coarctata)

    • Ponera testacea

    • Dark Guest Ant (Anergates atratulus)

    • Aphaenogaster subterranea

    • Cardiocondyla britteni

    • Crematogaster scutellaris

    • Shining Guest Ant (Formicoxenus nitidulus)

  • Slender Ant (Leptothorax acervorum)

    • Argentine Ant (Linepithema humile)
    • Linepithema iniquum

    • European Seed Harvesting Ant (Messor capitatus)

    • Bicolored Trailing Ant / Flower Ant (Monomorium floricola)

    • Pharaoh Ant (Monomorium pharaonis)
    • Monomorium salomonis

    • Grass Ant (Myrmecina graminicola)

    • Myrmica bessarabica

    • Myrmica hirsuta
    • Myrmica karavajevi
    • Myrmica lobicornis
    • Myrmica lonae
    • Red Ant (Myrmica rubra)
    • Myrmica ruginodis
    • Myrmica sabuleti
    • Myrmica scabrinodis
    • Myrmica schencki
    • Myrmica specioides
    • Myrmica sulcinodis
    • Myrmica vandeli

    • Pheidole bilimeki

    • Pheidole megacephala

    • Solenopsis fugax - Native

species aggregate:

- Stenamma westwoodii sensu lato (Stenamma westwoodii)

- Stenamma debile
- Westwood's Ant (Stenamma westwoodii)

- Strongylognathus testaceus

- White-footed Ant (Technomyrmex albipes)

- Temnothorax albipennis
- Long-spined Ant (Temnothorax interruptus)
- Temnothorax nylanderi
- Temnothorax tuberum
- Temnothorax unifasciatus

- Tetramorium atratulum
- Tetramorium bicarinatum
- Turf Ant (Tetramorium caespitum)
- Tetramorium caldarium
- Tetramorium simillimum

SubGroups

name latinname species sightings media image
Common Red Ant Myrmica rubra 1 1 4 image for Common Red Ant
Dusky Ant Formica fusca 1 3 5 image for Dusky Ant
Jet Ant Lasius fuliginosus 1 2 13 image for Jet Ant
Small Black Ant Lasius niger 1 8 35 image for Small Black Ant
Yellow Meadow Ant Lasius flavus 1 3 4 image for Yellow Meadow Ant