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WildBristol.uk - Discovering Wildlife in Bristol

Dandelion - Taraxacum

Group Description

Dandelions are one of the hardest plant groups to master. Most botanists don't dare to attempt them! And instead record them as an aggregate as Taraxacum officinale agg. or just T. officinale.

As a Genus dandelions are common and widespread throughout the UK but many species are very rare and highly localised. Habitat includes: Virtually anywhere from meadows to woodland, gardens, parks, allotments, cemeteries, cliff tops, coasts, roadside verges, wasteland, pavements etc. As of 2019 (Stace's 4th Edition New Flora Of The British Isles), 253 microspecies are recognised in Britain and Ireland but the list keeps growing and it's now nearer to 260. They have many culinary uses from dyes, to salads and a substitute for coffee (much used during WWII).

Dandelions are extremely important for wildlife. Sadly many people just see them as weeds but they are perhaps the most important of our early spring flowers at a time when many insects are just emerging.

Useful links:

Taraxacum Nederland

UK Vascular Plants

BOTANY.cz

Bestimmungskritische Taxa(sect. Palustria only)

Dandelions of Cardiff

A Botanical Journey mostly from Kent & SE England

BSBI Plant Cribs

Tim Rich Dandelions

Dandelions BSBI

PhotoFlora

Kew

GBIF

EDIT - Euro+Med PlantBase

NBN

SubGroups

name latinname species sightings media image
Taraxacum sect. Celtica Taraxacum sect. Celtica 11 65 467 image for Taraxacum sect. Celtica
Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma 8 25 114 image for Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma
Taraxacum sect. Hamata Taraxacum sect. Hamata 14 64 539 image for Taraxacum sect. Hamata
Taraxacum sect. Naevosa Taraxacum sect. Naevosa 5 22 156 image for Taraxacum sect. Naevosa
Taraxacum sect. Taraxacum Taraxacum sect. Taraxacum 100 339 2562 image for Taraxacum sect. Taraxacum