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WildBristol.uk - Discovering Wildlife in Bristol

3.) GYMNOSPERMS CONIFERS and GINKO

GYMNOSPERMS CONIFERS and GINKGO

GINKGOACEAE - Ginkgo family

GINKGO L.

  • Ginkgo biloba L. (Ginkgo) - General Scarce Widely planted and becoming increasingly popular.

PINACEAE - Pine family

CEDRUS Trew

  • Cedrus libani A. Rich. (Cedar-of-Lebanon) - General Rare Widely planted. Well established trees exist at Blaise Castle.

PINUS L.

  • Pinus sylvestris L. (Scots Pine) / General Frequent Commonly planted in parks, estates and on motorway sidings where it is increasingly planted on mass. Sometimes self-seeds.

  • Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold General Rare Occasionally planted as an ornamental or sometimes to provide a shelterbelt.

  • ssp. nigra (Austrian Pine) General Rare Occasionally planted as an ornamental or sometimes to provide a shelterbelt.

  • ssp. laricio Maire (Stace) Palib. ex Maire (Kew) (Corsican Pine) General Rare Occasionally planted as an ornamental or sometimes to provide a shelterbelt.

  • Pinus radiata D. Don (Monterey Pine) General Very rare Rarely planted.

  • Pinus wallichiana A.B. Jacks. (Bhutan Pine) Rare Widely planted but rarely grown in public areas. Well grown trees occur adjacent to the Water Tower on Durdham Down.

PICEA A. Dietr.

  • Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière (Sitka Spruce) General Rare Planted for forestry.

  • Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. (Norway Spruce) - General Frequent Commonly planted for forestry. This is the usual Christmas tree.

PSEUDOTSUGA Carrière

  • Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco (Douglas Fir) General Uncommon Widely planted for forestry plantations where it sometimes regenerates.

LARIX Mill.

  • Larix decidua Mill. (European Larch) / General Uncommon Scattered and widely planted and used for forestry.

  • Larix decidua x L. kaempferi = L. x marschlinsii Coaz (Hybrid Larch) - General Uncommon The most commonly planted Larch and probably under-recorded for the last species.

  • Larix kaempferi (Lamb.) Carrière (Japanese Larch) General Very rare Rarely planted or overlooked.

  • Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch (American Larch) General Very rare Recorded only once as an ornamental at Timsbury in 1984 by C.M. and S.M. (Mrs).

TSUGA (Antoine) Carrière

  • Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. (Western Hemlock-spruce) General Rare Widely planted in parks and sometimes used for forestry.

ARAUCARIA Juss.

  • Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch (Monkey-puzzle) - General Rare Widely planted but rare. The most established and well-known has to be those from the old Bristol Zoo

METASEQUOIA Hu & W.C. Cheng

  • Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu & W.C. Cheng (Dawn Redwood) Rare Rare but increasingly planted. Unusual among conifers as it's deciduous.

SEQUOIA Endl.

  • Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. (Coastal Redwood) / General Very rare Planted for ornament.

SEQUOIADENDRON Buchholz

  • Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.) Buchholz (Wellingtonia) / General Rare Well distributed but often only seen as single individuals. Perhaps the most famous of all trees for its height. The tallest specimen within the Bristol Region is probably a specimen from Tyntesfield.

THUJA L.

  • Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don (Western Red-cedar) General Rare Widely planted, usually for ornament but sometimes used in plantations and for windbreaks. Sometimes self-sows.

CUPRESSUS L.

  • Cupressus nootkatensis D. Don (Callitropsis nootkatensis (D. Don) Oerst.) (Nootka Cypress) General Very rare. Widely planted but rare.

  • Cupressus lawsoniana A. Murray bis (Stace) Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murray bis) Parl. (NBN, Kew) (Lawson's Cypress) General Rare Used in plantations and frequently regenerates.

  • Cupressus pisifera Siebold & Zucc. (Stace) Chamaecyparis pisifera (Siebold & Zucc.) Siebold & Zucc. (NBN, Kew) (Sawara Cypress) General Very rare A single planted tree was found in Camerton Park in 1986 by C.M. and S.M. (Mrs).

JUNIPERUS L.

  • Juniperus communis L. ssp. communis (Common Juniper) /- General Extinct as a native but occasionally found planted. Most recently by R.D. Randall from Nailsea in 2022. Used to exist in 3 places around Bath: "West side of Bathford Hill; Herb. Flower; On Hampton Hill; Fl. Bathon Suppl.; Abundant on Monckton Farleigh Hill (just outside the region), going up from Warleigh Ferry, some of the trees 18 to 20 feet; D. Fry. Between Hemington and Laverton (outside the region), on forest marble marls; H. F. Parsons in Fl. Som. Dr. St. Brody, in his Flora of Weston, gives a locality near Uphill which has not been confirmed." (Brist. Fl.) and outside the region "On the N.E. of Stichcombe Hill near Dursley, in small quantity! Miss Raymond Gingell."

TAXUS L.

  • Taxus baccata L. (Yew) / Woodland Common Common and often dominant in rocky woods; particularly those on limestone. Widely planted and an essential aspect of churchyards. A very tough species sometimes growing through shear rock.

  • Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata' (Irish Yew) / General Rare Widely planted and virtually guaranteed in any churchyard. The story of this tree is fascinating. In 1767 a farmer named George Willis, retrieved a pair of unusual looking Yew seedlings from the slopes of Cuilcagh mountain in Aghatirourke, County Fermanagh. One of the specimens was presented to Lord Mount Florence who had it planted in Florence Court estate old garden then to become the 'Florence Court Yew'. The other was planted in George Willis' own garden, which died in 1865. The strange, upright characteristics survived into maturity and the tree attracted much interest from visitors and horticulturists. By 1820 the strange Yew had become so popular that the tree was commercially reproduced. As the species is dioecious and both specimens were Female, all Irish Yews today are clones and It is believed almost all specimens are descendants of the remaining tree at Florence Court which still survives today. Though as a result of the volume of cuttings taken from the tree and shading from larger trees surrounding it, the Florence Court Yew has lost much of its characteristic shape. Specimens raised from seed (crosses with normal Yew) revert back to the normal Yew and they lose the Irish yew's distinctive upright habit. They can however display some variations in foliage colour and several cultivar's have been produced. Those with yellow leaves are collectively known as "golden yew."

List:

  • Ginkgo biloba L. (Ginkgo)
  • Cedrus libani A. Rich. (Cedar-of-Lebanon) - General
  • Pinus sylvestris L. (Scots Pine) / General
  • Pinus nigra ssp. nigra (Austrian Pine) General
  • Pinus nigra ssp. laricio Maire (Stace) Palib. ex Maire (Kew) (Corsican Pine) General
  • Pinus radiata D. Don (Monterey Pine) General
  • Pinus wallichiana A.B. Jacks. (Bhutan Pine)
  • Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière (Sitka Spruce) General
  • Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. (Norway Spruce) - General
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco (Douglas Fir) General
  • Larix decidua Mill. (European Larch) / General
  • Larix decidua x L. kaempferi = L. x marschlinsii Coaz (Hybrid Larch) - mistake in old flora (o instead of a) - General
  • Larix kaempferi (Lamb.) Carrière (Japanese Larch) General
  • Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch (American Larch) ? appears to not be in Stace General
  • Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. (Western Hemlock-spruce) General
  • Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch (Monkey-puzzle) - General
  • Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu & W.C. Cheng (Dawn Redwood)
  • Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. (Coastal Redwood) / General
  • Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.) Buchholz (Wellingtonia) / General
  • Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don (Western Red-cedar) General
  • Cupressus nootkatensis D. Don (Stace) Callitropsis nootkatensis (D. Don) Oerst. (Kew) Xanthocyparis nootkatensis (D. Don) Farjon & D.K. Harder (NBN) (Nootka Cypress) / - 3 records according to NBN
  • Cupressus lawsoniana A. Murray bis (Stace) Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murray bis) Parl. (NBN, Kew) (Lawson's Cypress) General
  • Cupressus pisifera Siebold & Zucc. (Stace) Chamaecyparis pisifera (Siebold & Zucc.) Siebold & Zucc. (NBN, Kew) (Sawara Cypress) General
  • Juniperus communis L. (ssp. communis - Stace, NBN) (Common Juniper - extinct as a native) /- General
  • Taxus baccata L. (Yew) / Woodland
  • Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata' (Irish Yew) / General

  • Picea smithiana (Morinda Spruce) - recorded by Graham Balfrey, Bennett's Patch - also 1 record according to [NBN(https://records.nbnatlas.org/occurrences/4fa631f3-bef3-494e-a52c-dc8266122d61) presumably this is it https://www.google.com/maps/@51.4944487,-2.6728172,3a,30y,43.61h,96.32t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1sulK-bjoCfEsxP3tIEV3_aw!2e0!7i16384!8i8192?entry=ttu - grows mature in a garden. Probably don't include. Decide!